RowCommand controls seed output
Controlling input costs and improving productivity are key producer requirements today. RowCommand is an effective, integrated John Deere solution designed to meet these intensifying needs. The RowCommand system manages seed output, reduces yield drag, and improves harvest capabilities on all Pro-Shaft™ driven row-units, and chain-driven MaxEmerge 5.
NOTE: Chain-drive RowCommand is only compatible with planters equipped with pneumatic downforce systems. On planters equipped with the heavy-duty downforce springs, potential chain interference may result and is not recommended.
NOTE: Chain-drive RowCommand requires some modification to brackets in order to function with corn finger pickup meters.
NOTE: Pro-Shaft drive RowCommand is compatible on MaxEmerge 5 row-units with vacuum and corn finger pickup meters. For mini-hopper row-units, RowCommand is compatible on vacuum meters only and is not compatible on corn finger pickup meters. Pro-Series™ XP row-units with corn finger pickup meters are not compatible with RowCommand.
RowCommand controls seed output by incorporating individual, low amperage clutches inside the Pro-Shaft and chain-driven gearboxes. Clutches are completely enclosed within the gearbox housing to protect them from the elements and harsh operating conditions.
When power is supplied, either manually or through John Deere Section Control software, clutches disengage the seed meters and seed flow stops. Controlling seed output at individual rows reduces overplanting in point rows and maximizes seed placement when entering/exiting headlands.
Components and operation
RowCommand is a simple and efficient solution to control individual row planting. This system does not utilize air to operate; therefore, no compressor, air lines, or valve modules are required.
RowCommand utilizes low-voltage controller area network (CAN) messaging to signal power to the desired clutches to stop planting or eliminates power to resume planting.
This means very little power is used in normal planting conditions, and in the event a clutch fails electrically, the meter will continue to plant.
The RowCommand system requires the following five basic components to operate:
Electronic power modules (EPMs)
SeedStar™ 2 monitoring (wedge box/controller)
Planter wiring harnesses
Clutches are protected within the sealed Pro-Shaft and chain-driven gearboxes for years of trouble-free operation and simple installation or removal. RowCommand has true individual-row control of up to 16 clutches or sections for planters larger than 16 rows.
Unique to RowCommand, the 16 available control sections can be configured based on operator preferences. For example, on a 1775NT 24-Row Planter, every two rows can be paired together for a total of 12 control sections, or control the outermost eight rows individually and the remaining inner rows paired together for 16 control sections.
While SeedStar with RowCommand has 16 control sections, a minimum of 152.4-cm (60-in.) wide sections are recommended for optimum Swath Control Pro™ solution capabilities. As with other Swath Control Pro products, an SF2 signal is the minimum level of accuracy recommend for operation.
Pro-Shaft drive RowCommand planters
RowCommand is available as a factory-installed option or as an attachment for field conversion attachments for the following Pro-Shaft drive planter models (see chart below).
|Planter model||Row configuration|
|1725||12-row narrow, 12-row wide, and 16-row narrow|
|1725 Central Commodity System (CCS™)||16-row narrow|
|1775NT||12 row, 16 row, and 24-row narrow|
|1775NT CCS||12 row, 16 row, and 24-row narrow|
|1795||12/23 row, 12/24 row, 16/31 row, and 16/32 row|
|1795||24 row, 50.8 cm (20 in.)|
|DB 44||24 row, 55.9 cm (22 in.)|
|DB 58||32 row, 55.9 cm (22 in.)|
|DB 60||36 row, 50.8 cm (20 in.) or 47 row, 38.1 cm (15 in.)|
|DB 66||36 row, 55.9 cm (22 in.)|
|DB 80||32 row, 76.2 cm (30 in.) or 48 row, 50.8 cm (20 in.)|
|DB 88||48 row, 55.9 cm (22 in.)|
|DB 90||36 row, 76.2 cm (30 in.)|
|DB 120||48 row, 76.2 cm (30 in.)|
|DR (Deere/Orthman™ planter) 16R40||16 row, 101.6 cm (40 in.)|
|DR (Deere/Orthman) 18R38||18 row, 96.5 cm (38 in.)|
Chain-drive RowCommand planters
In terms of planter compatibility, RowCommand for chain drive is designed for the following planter model configurations equipped with pneumatic downforce systems.
|Planter model||Row configuration|
|1725||12-row narrow, 12-row wide, and 16-row narrow|
|1775NT||12 row and 16 row|
|1775NT CCS||12 row and 16 row|
|DB 44||24 row, 55.9 cm (22 in.)|
Chain-drive RowCommand and heavy-duty downforce
As seen in the image, chain interference may result when operating chain-drive RowCommand on planters equipped with short and long parallel arms and heavy-duty downforce springs.
NOTE: Chain-drive RowCommand is only compatible with planters equipped with pneumatic downforce systems. On planters equipped with the heavy-duty downforce springs, potential chain interference may result and is not recommended.
Chain-drive RowCommand with corn finger pickup meters
Due to the design characteristics of the chain-drive RowCommand clutch, some modification to the corn finger pickup meter drive bracket is required. As seen in the picture to the left, some material needs to be removed from the front of the meter drive bracket in order for the chain-drive RowCommand clutch to have sufficient space for installation.
NOTE: Chain-drive RowCommand requires some modification to brackets in order to function with corn finger pickup meters.
RowCommand ordering information
To add RowCommand to a model year 2009 and newer planter model listed above is simple. Pro-Shaft drive attachments for field conversion and chain-drive attachments for field conversion are available by planter model to add the appropriate number of clutches, EPMs, brackets, hardware and row-unit harnesses. For complete installation and part detail for the RowCommand conversion, please use the RowCommand compatibility tool per specific planter model.
RowCommand is compatible and available for model year 2003 (serial number 700101) to 2008 (725101) planter models listed above. In addition to the attachment for field conversion attachment, a planter mainframe harness, SeedStar 2 controller (wedge box), and additional CAN harnesses are needed.
Integrated Swath Control Pro
Coupling RowCommand with Swath Control Pro provides the ultimate in precision planting and productivity. One company, one integrated solution are what we offer by incorporating Swath Control Pro capabilities within the SeedStar 2 wedge box (controller). Unlike previous systems, no rate controller, additional harnessing, or components are required to achieve automated individual-row control.
SeedStar 2 monitoring, RowCommand, and Swath Control Pro activation from John Deere Precision Ag Technologies are all that is needed when ordering.
RowCommand is a simple and efficient means to control individual row planting through the use of low-voltage electric clutches. When activated, each clutch consumes no more than 0.5 amps. By design, power is only supplied to the clutch when a signal is received to stop planting. In a normal planting condition, no power is supplied and the clutch is de-energized.
Power for the RowCommand system is provided from the 9-pin ISO implement connector. All late-model 8X00 and 9X00 Series John Deere Tractors equipped with the 9-pin ISO implement connector are capable of supplying ample power for system operation.
Along with ample system power, a GreenStar display and SeedStar monitoring are required for operation and control interface. The GreenStar display is where system setup, control settings, and manual control functions are performed.
Integrated innovation is what operators will appreciate with the SeedStar 2 monitoring system and GreenStar™ 2 Display. An increasing number of acres combined with rising seed costs drive the need to easily understand planter functions and monitor performance. It is all about making every seed count and that is what SeedStar 2 delivers.
The SeedStar 2 monitoring system is a full-feature, color, seed population monitor used in conjunction with the GreenStar family of displays. SeedStar 2 is compatible with the GreenStar 2 1800 and 2600 Displays, GreenStar 3 2630 Display, the Gen 4 4200 CommandCenter™ Display, the Gen 4 4600 CommandCenter Display, the 4240 Universal Display, and the 4640 Universal Display. SeedStar XP is not compatible with the Gen 4 Extended Monitor. Conveniently, SeedStar 2 planting functions are fully integrated with the full spectrum of Precision Ag Technology applications—guidance, coverage maps, and field documentation can be shown all on one display.
When a SeedStar 2 system is used on a planter, there is no need for a ComputerTrak™ monitor. All vital planting information is displayed in one central, easy-to-read location.
SeedStar 2 features
SeedStar 2 is a user-friendly system that has retained all the valued features of SeedStar and incorporated the next generation of enhancements. For example, on-screen color indicators show drive engagement/disengagement status. In addition, three color planter-at-a-glance bars (black, orange, or red) visually inform the operator of row population status.
Not only does SeedStar 2 incorporate the use of color, it also utilizes an intuitive icon and folder based operator interface. Icons are easy to understand across many languages and reduce the need for text. Icons for planter main run page, planter setup, seed/crop setup, totals, and diagnostics are located in the soft-key region of the display. Setup is performed by selecting the appropriate icon and then choosing the tabs to enter/select information.
The SeedStar 2 monitor offers all of the features and functionality of the ComputerTrak 350 monitor and much more. SeedStar 2 monitors the following planter functions:
- Row population/spacing
- Row failure
- Average population (entire planter and by variable-rate drive [VRD] motor section)
- Vacuum level
- Fertilizer pressure
- Acre counter
- Total acreage
- Tractor speed
In addition, planter operational information is available within the SeedStar 2 monitor system. Such operational information includes population charts, seed disk vacuum settings, and setting recommendations for the piston pump liquid fertilizer system.
All SeedStar 2 systems have the capability, through a single controller, to perform both the seed monitoring and variable rate drive functions. SeedStar 2 monitoring is required for VRD population control. Even though the planter may not be equipped with SeedStar 2 VRD, the SeedStar 2 monitoring system is available and will allow for future installation of VRD.
SeedStar 2 enhancements
The SeedStar 2 enhanced planter features include:
- GreenStar 2 display integration – eliminates the need to operate the GreenStar 2 2600 Display in the original GreenStar monitor mode or the use of dual displays.
- User-friendly, intuitive icons
- Half- or full-screen run page
- On-screen, color drive status – a quick glance at the display tells the operator if the half-width disconnect is engaged or disengaged.
- Three-color planter-at-a-glance population bar – a black bar indicates that population is close to target and within established limits; orange shows the population is above/below the alarm set point; and red signals the population is out of operating range or is not planting.
- Three-piece, color VRD indicator – each piece of the VRD gear pie turns green when the wheel motion sensor is active, planter is lowered, and drives are engaged.
SeedStar monitoring original features
SeedStar 2 retains all those SeedStar features that producers value and have come to expect:
Planter at a glance – allows operator to view relative population levels of all rows on one screen.
Automatic valve calibration – with the SeedStar VRD, this is now completed automatically. There is no longer a need to manually calibrate the hydraulic valves.
Increased population updates – SeedStar will now update population levels once a second at planter start up then approximately once every three seconds.
Mapping of actual seed rates – When combined with Field Doc™ system, actual and target seeding rates can now be mapped in APEX™ software.
Reprogrammable utilizing controller area network (CAN) via Service ADVISOR™ diagnostics system.
Improved diagnostics/event recorder – on SeedStar VRD planters, additional diagnostic information is available, as well as an event recorder to capture system performance data at a specific point in time.
Ability to run motors at different population levels – on SeedStar VRD, operators running multiple motor systems can run each motor at a different speed, allowing different population levels within a planter.
User-configurable high fertilizer pressure alarm – allows the operator to be warned when fertilizer pressure reaches a specific level.
Automatic quick-start for SeedStar VRD – the operator no longer needs to press the quick-start button on end row turns to resume planting.
Automatic tractor speed source selection – when equipped with an 8000/9000 Series Tractor, the system selects the radar speed or allows for manual speed input selection.
Pneumatic downforce provides convenient, simple adjustment of downforce for the whole planter from one location. The amount of downforce applied is infinitely adjustable from 0 kg to 181.4 kg (0 lb to 400 lb). Pneumatic downforce provides more consistent downforce throughout the range of row-unit travel than mechanical spring downforce systems.
Several pneumatic downforce system improvements have been implemented, including:
- 9.5-mm (3/8-in.) air delivery line instead of the 6.4-mm (1/4-in.) line used on model year 2010 and older planters.
- Air compressor assembly increased duty cycle. With this compressor, it provides a 47 percent increase in maximum air flow delivery compared to the prior air compressor.
- Pneumatic air bags with 9.5-mm (3/8-in.) air line inlets that have greater durability.
Such improvements to the pneumatic downforce system enable faster and more precise control of row-unit downforce while planting.
Each row-unit has a single, rubber air bag located between the parallel arms. The air bags are hooked in parallel so that air can be added or released from all rows at once from one location.
Pneumatic downforce systems are available as base equipment on all 1700 Series and DB Planters. The individual pneumatic downforce air bag assemblies, air compressor units, and 9.5-mm (3/8-in.) delivery lines are also available as an attachment for field conversion.
An improved compressor is used to charge the pneumatic system. This compressor can be located on the planter frame or in the tractor cab if desired. A gauge at the compressor indicates the amount of downforce being applied.
From the factory, integral planter models with pneumatic downforce will have an improved air compressor assembly with an in-cab mounting bracket, except the 1725 16Row and 1725 Central Commodity System (CCS™) Twin-Row Planters which will have the air compressor assembly mounted on the planter frame. For drawn planter models, the 1755, 1765, 1765NT, 1775 Front-Fold, and 1785 Drawn Planters will have the air compressor assembly installed either on the outer hitch or wing frame members when the pneumatic downforce system is installed.
Crop yields have increased through the years along with the amount of residue left in the field after harvest. At the same time, tillage practices have changed, including different tillage operations which maintain large amounts of surface residue, and even no-till practices. Row cleaners are an essential tool in managing this increased amount of residue.
John Deere seeding group offers a variety of row cleaner options to meet the needs of a producer's operation. Compatibility varies by model, row spacing, and other planter equipment.
Screw-adjust, unit-mounted row cleaner
The screw-adjust, unit-mounted row cleaner is mounted directly to the face plate of the row-unit, placing the ground engaging components just in front of the row-unit opener blades and depth gauge wheels. This close proximity allows the gauge wheels to control the depth of the row cleaner as well as the row-unit. This compact design also allows greater compatibility with fertilizer openers and other planter attachments.
SharkTooth® wheels are standard equipment on the unit-mounted row cleaner. The swept-tooth design of the wheel provides a clear path for the row-unit openers while resisting residue buildup on the wheel. The screw adjustment knob is accessible through the top of the parallel arms, providing convenient access for adjustments. The row cleaner can be adjusted in 1.6-mm (1/16-in.) increments, providing plenty of flexibility to meet the needs of changing conditions.
Floating row cleaner with unit-mounted coulter
The floating row cleaner allows a row cleaner to be used in conjunction with a unit-mounted coulter. This combination is often desired in heavy residue loads and reduced tillage planting conditions. The row cleaner provides a clear path for the row-unit, while the unit-mounted coulter helps penetrate tough soil conditions.
Accommodating the unit-mounted coulter means the residue wheels are farther forward from the row-unit face plate than in the case of the screw-adjust row cleaner. To maintain performance, this row cleaner has the capability to float above a defined minimum depth.
Standard depth-gauging bands on the wheels allow the row cleaner wheels to float independently of the row-unit openers, allowing both to perform in varying terrain. The unit may also be set in a fixed position by simply pinning through the bracket if desired. This row cleaner also features SharkTooth wheels as standard equipment.
The floating row cleaner and unit-mounted coulters are available on many planters as factory-installed equipment. As compatibility and details vary by model, review the following links for information on specific planter models.
NOTE: Screw-adjust row cleaners are not compatible with MaxEmerge™ 5e row-units with long parallel arms.
NOTE: DB models have the option for either unit-mounted coulter, screw-adjust row cleaners, or pneumatic row cleaners (only compatabile with MaxEmerge 5e or equipped ExactEmerge™ models). The DB60T is only available with a less row cleaner option.
SharkTooth is a trademark of Yetter Manufacturing, Inc.
Seed variable-rate drive provides the ultimate planting productivity by utilizing one, two, or three hydraulic motors (varies by model) to turn the seeding drive shaft. Hydraulic control of the seeding drive allows for on-the-go seeding rate changes right from the display mounted inside the tractor cab. Combine this seeding flexibility with the map-based planting option, and seeding rates adjust automatically based on the prescribed map.
Variable-rate drive offers the following advantages over common, ground, or contact-tire drive systems:
Rate changes are almost instantaneous; no ramp up or ramp down of system as in some competitive systems
- Permits the producer to match seed population based on different soil types or irrigation practices
- John Deere design provides added operator safety by eliminating any possible drive creep found in some competitive variable-rate drive systems
Single- or dual-motor systems for variable-rate drives are available for all John Deere planters except the 1785 Rigid Frame. Variable-rate drive is available as a factory-installed option for all applicable planter models.
Single- or dual-motor systems are available as field-installed attachments for most planter models; however, a three-motor variable-rate drive field-installed attachment is not available.
Seed variable-rate drive requires the SeedStar™ monitor and a radar input signal. Either tractor or planter radar may be used. Planter radar is ordered separately.
NOTE: Peanut seed meter disks require the variable-drive transmission.
The MaxEmerge family of row-units have never seen a more versatile and efficient design until the MaxEmerge 5. The 5-family row-units improve productivity, increase uptime and lower the cost of ownership like never before.
The MaxEmerge 5 row-unit was designed for improved performance and serviceability.
Serviceability and changing crops has always been a focus of downtime and potential seed loss. MaxEmerge XP row-units (shown on the left) are designed with the meter and hopper as one component. The frame covers the meter so that it cannot be accessed. Cleanout of excess seed requires the operator to take the entire hopper off of the row-unit and to turn it upside down. The MaxEmerge 5 meter (shown on the right) is accessible without having to remove the box. The MaxEmerge 5 design allows large hoppers to be cleaned out the same as mini-hoppers, simply by opening the meter dome and catching the seed as it falls out. This improvement allows operators to change seed varieties easier and three times faster than it took them on the previous MaxEmerge XP units and provides more uptime during the tight planting window.
The vacuum meter system gently pulls and holds individual seeds to the holes of the seed disk for population control and spacing accuracy, equaling better crop stands and profit. Vacuum seed meters can plant a wide variety of crops and seed types by simply changing seed disks and adjusting vacuum level. Vacuum seed meters are available for planters with MaxEmerge 5 row-units.
Additional features of the vacuum seed meter include:
- One moving component (the seed metering disk) for minimum maintenance requirements
- Meter located at each row-unit for accurate seed delivery
- Good hopper seed flow characteristics for longer operating time per hopper fill
- Low airflow in meter so seed treatments are not removed
The MaxEmerge 5 meter shape has also been redesigned for better seed flow. The mini-hopper design allows the planter to successfully operate on side hills up to 14 degrees.
Vacuum meter hub and latching handle
Both the MaxEmerge 5 vacuum meters are equipped with a heavy-duty hub spring and disk latching handle. The spring ensures the seed disk stays properly positioned when operating flat-style seed disks and higher vacuum levels. Proper seed disk positioning means repeatable seed singulation, time after time. The disk-latching handle is designed for easy operation and effortless seed disk changeover. The hub is also machined to tight tolerances to further ensure alignment of metering components.
Operating characteristics of vacuum seed meter
The vacuum seed meter is capable of operating at faster planting speeds than mechanical meters. However, planting accuracy will be influenced by seedbed conditions and the operating characteristics of the seed meter. Rough seedbeds and fast planting speeds (above 8.9 km/h [5.5 mph]) typically deteriorate seed placement accuracies when using seed tube technology.
The chart illustrates the effect operating speed has on population when using the vacuum meter. The operating band (color area) illustrates how the vacuum meter performs in relation to the desired population (indicated by horizontal line). The width of the band is due to various sizes and shapes of seeds and planting rate variations.
When operating on slopes above 15 degrees, increased or decreased population may result. To minimize this effect, reduce speed and consider using a flat style seed disk with increased vacuum level.
Vacuum meter seed disks
The ProMax 40 Flat Disk is a flat-disk planting solution field-proven to work since 1991.
The design of the ProMax 40 Flat Disk position allows seed to be released from the optimum position above the seed tube. The flush-face seed tube allows the seed to drop uninterrupted through the tube.
The ProMax 40 Flat Disk utilizes flat holes and a higher vacuum level to ensure every hole is populated with a seed. A double eliminator gently removes multiple seeds at each hole for precise population control. A knockout wheel makes certain that each hole is clear of any debris after the seed is released from the disk.
The unique cell disk design allows planting a variety of seed sizes without any additional parts or individual meter adjustments. Another advantage of cell-type seed disks is the lower vacuum requirement compared to flat-style seed disks. Lower vacuum levels mean less hydraulic demand from the tractor. Most planting conditions call for a flat disk, if you are limited in hydraulic capacity, cell disks are recommended.
For difficult to singulate seeds, a flat seed disk and double eliminator is a viable alternative to traditional cell-type seed disks. By design, a flat seed disk requires higher levels of vacuum than a cell-type disk because there is no pocket or cell to hold the seed. The higher vacuum level will pull more than one seed to the holes in the seed disk. The double eliminator is set to cover a portion of the hole in the seed disk and is the mechanism to knock multiple seeds away as the disk rotates.
Double eliminators are required with flat-type seed disks only and should not be used with cell-type seed disks. The knockout wheel is also recommended in conjunction with the double eliminator and flat seed disk to ensure seed is ejected from the disk.
Flat and celled type seed metering disks are available to allow planting a wide variety of seed types.
- Corn (field, popcorn, or sweet corn)
- Sugar beets
- Edible beans/peas
- Melons, squash, cucumbers
Mini-hopper row-units, which are used only with the CCS, are compatible only with crops that the CCS is approved to plant.
- Sweet corn
NOTE: Due to small seed size and low planting populations, sugar beets can be planted with mini-hopper style meters by adding hopper extensions and not using the CCS tank. These hopper extensions can also be used for planting test plots.
Also, to help with meter access of 56-L and 106-L (1.6-bu and 3-bu) hoppers the hopper shutoff feature was added. With the shutoff engaged, the meter cover can be opened without first having to remove all of the seeds from the hopper. Lever down, the seed flow is on, lever horizontal and the seed flow is off.
There are significant changes to the MaxEmerge 5 mini-hopper. One update is the straight feed from the CCS hose to the mini-hopper to ensure a continuous free flow of seeds. This design change reduces the potential for plugging issues with larger seed size and the use of seed treatments. By drawing air from the CCS tank, the vacuum source is cleaner, preventing meter debris buildup.
Ductile iron casting is a unique high-tech process that produces a single-piece row-unit shank this enables alignment from the seed trench to the closing wheel.
The row-unit head is also designed using the ductile iron-casting process. The row-unit head provides the mating joints between the row-unit parallel arms and the row-unit shank. It is also the upper attaching point for the seed meter and seed hopper.
Ductile iron casting of the row-unit shank and head assembly provides a row-unit that is 25 percent stronger than other competitive welded row-units.
One of the trademark capabilities of John Deere planters has always been the ability of the Tru-Vee openers to provide an ideal seed furrow.
The thickness of the Tru-Vee opener blade is 3.5 mm (0.14 in.) this blade thickness will provide extended wear life.
The MaxEmerge 5 row-unit also provides better Tru-Vee opener bearings for longer life. The double-row ball bearing provides up to three times the wear life as the single-row bearing.
John Deere planters provide consistent seed depth control in all field conditions. Depth control is a function of the Tru-Vee openers, the downforce system, and the gauge wheel assembly.
The gauge wheel itself is made of durable nylon composition with a concave profile. This profile gently firms the sides of the seed furrow, ensuring a well-defined trench. The shape reduces rocks and residue being picked up and thrown onto the drive chains and row-units, and helps to prevent rooster tailing of soil.
The bolt-through design utilizes an open bearing in the gauge wheel that allows an attaching bolt to pass through the wheel to the threaded hole in the gauge wheel arm. This simple bolt-through design provides for a positive attachment of the gauge wheel to the gauge wheel arm and allows quick removal of the gauge wheel for service.
Adjustability of the row-unit is critical to good performance. More available downforce options than any row unit in the industry
- Adjustable heavy-duty downforce, four settings, 0 kg (0 lb), 57 kg (125 lb), 113 kg (250 lb), and 181 kg (400 lb) of downforce
- Pneumatic downforce, infinitely variable from 0 to 181 kg (0 to 400 lb) of downforce
- Active pneumatic downforce adjusts automatically for changing ground conditions from 0 to 181 kg (0 to 400 lb) of downforce
Rubber tire closing systems are used for most conventional, minimum-till, and no-till planting conditions. The spacing between the wheels is adjustable so the closing system can meet the needs of those who want to plant small seeds at shallow depths.
The wheels can also be staggered fore and aft to enhance residue flow. Four levels of spring force are available and are easily set with the integrated T-handle adjustment. A lower force spring can be obtained from parts, if a lower amount of force is required.
Additional closing wheel options include:
- Cast closing wheels, for tough-to-close conditions
- Disk closing, for shallow planting depths
- Closing wheel frame less wheels, for growers desiring to use aftermarket closing wheels
Convenient stack-folding design combined with rigid or flexible frame
The 1725 stack-fold design provides narrow transport capability for these integral, large-frame planters. 1725 Stack-Fold Planters have the ability to operate in both rigid-frame and flex-frame configurations. The 1725 CCS utilizes a three-section frame that can flex up to 10 degrees up and 7 degrees down.
The 1725 CCS Stack-Fold Integral Planter is available in the following configuration: 16Row30 and 12x2 T.
Heavy-duty lift-assist wheels are integrated into the 1725 CCS frame design. The CCS cradle is supported by the heavy-duty lift-assist wheels which reduce the amount of weight placed on the rear of the tractor. This design provides a balanced planter for maneuverability in the field and during transport. The 1725T CCS has larger 16.5L-16.1SL lift-assist wheel tires to provide additional floatation in a variety of soils.
Hydraulic steering is available on the 1725T Planter to guide the planter when the tractor is in reverse. This is useful during headland turns to keep the lift-assist wheels from castering or spinning around while backing to the next pass.
1725 CCS 16Row30 with ExactEmerge planter additional frame features
The vacuum is run through the planter frame rather than the black conduit on top of the frame. This provides many benefits to operators. The frame is cleaner and provides improved visibility when seated in the cab. The frame vacuum lines give increased durability for optimal vacuum performance.
Wing downforce has been added to the 1725 CCS 16Row30 with ExactEmerge. When traveling above speeds of 8.05 km/h (5 mph), the wings become lighter, sacrificing ride quality and consistent depth. Hydraulic cylinders have been added that transfer weight from the centerframe to the outside wings to maintain consistent weight distribution and provide operators with their desired depth control.
An automatic hydraulic wing locking feature is available on the 1725 CCS Planter. Once the operator engages the frame-fold selective control valve (SCV), the hydraulics release the locking mechanism and the planter starts folding. This reduces trips up and down the tractor and provides for a much quicker process in and out of the field.
Active pneumatic downforce is offered in conjunction with the ExactEmerge option codes on the 1725 CCS 16Row30 model. This provides the proven solution for growers to maintain consistent depth even at speeds up to 16.1 km/h (10 mph). See the active pneumatic downforce page for more information.
Central Commodity System (CCS) seed delivery adds productivity through increased seed capacity, bulk-fill capability, and easy, thorough cleanout. The two tanks have a combined capacity of 3523.9 L (100 bu) on the 1720 CCS Planters.
The 1720 CCS Planters have been designed to allow for a convenient central filling location and easy cleanout. The rear entry ladder provides access to the filling platform between the tanks.
For those who work into the night, a fill light package is standard on machines equipped with CCS.
If the seed-carrying vehicle requires hydraulic power to run the unloading system, the auxiliary hydraulic coupler option can be ordered. These couplers are located at the bottom of the staircase and can be coupled under pressure. The system has a separate system filter that ensures the planter's hydraulic system remains free of contaminates.
The following crops can be planted with CCS: corn, sweet corn, popcorn, cotton, sunflowers, soybeans, and sorghum (milo).
CCS is about reducing the time spent filling the planter with seed while maximizing the time spent planting. CCS for planters is a form of seed handling and delivery. The row-units perform the final task of seed metering and placement.
The CCS seed delivery process relies on a hydraulically driven fan to move seed from the CCS tanks to the row-units. A flow control valve and gauge, located near the tank, allows for the proper tank pressure setting based on seed type.
Air from the fan pressurizes the CCS tanks and delivers seed to the seed hoppers. Air flow enters the seed tanks through a nozzle in the manifold which pressurizes the tank. The air then picks up seed and moves out the other end of the nozzle into the seed delivery hoses. These hoses route the seed toward the hopper. A small amount of seed is traveling in the delivery hoses only when needed.
The hopper fills with seed until the delivery hose (discharge elbow) is covered. Once the opening is restricted, seed flow through the hose stops. Air flowing to the row-unit travels into the hopper and out through a vent. As the seed is picked up by the meter and planted, the seed pool shrinks until the end of the delivery hose is uncovered. At that time, the air flow and seed delivery resume, and the seed pool in the hopper is replenished.
CCS seed cleanout
Seed cleanout could not be easier with a CCS planter. Whether there are 12 or 48 rows, the CCS system and Pro-Series XP™ row-units make quick work of this chore. When the operator is finished planting, any remaining seed can simply be removed via access doors at the bottom of the CCS tank.
Because seed is only traveling through the CCS delivery hoses when required by the meter, there is not much left to clean.
Next, CCS seed delivery hoses are purged with air from the CCS fan, and the excess seed is pushed to the individual meters.
Lastly, the vacuum meter door is opened, and seed is removed with the supplied catch pan.
Small-seed CCS components
CCS seed delivery system increases planting productivity across the seven approved crops listed above. While highly effective when delivering seed from the CCS tanks to the vacuum meters, small or light seeds (sorghum and small cotton) will require two additional components to aid in proper seed delivery.
Manifold nozzle covers (clips) should be installed to ensure seed is adequately picked up into the air stream for delivery to the row-unit. Mini-hopper discharge elbows should also be changed from the standard elbow (holes) to the small seed elbow (slotted openings) when planting sorghum (milo) and small cotton.
Vacuum control has been defined. Before vacuum automation, an operator set the vacuum level by adjusting the hydraulic flow through each selective control valve (SCV). Many variables altered the vacuum level while the hydraulic flow stayed constant. This could have resulted in under or over populating, which may have impacted singulation. With vacuum automation, all that needs to be done is set the desired vacuum level and let the monitor do the work of adjusting the hydraulic flow. Should vacuum changes occur, the software in the monitor will fluctuate the SCV flow to achieve the desired vacuum level.
Vacuum automation requires SeedStar™ 4HP monitoring. The system controls SCV flow based on the vacuum pressure sensor. The tractor must be a John Deere with Tractor Electronic Control Unit (TECU) 3 controller area network (CAN) system for this feature to be compatible. The vacuum automation feature will control all vacuum fans if they are on their own SCVs. More vacuum fans make the planter more valuable and easier to operate.
Vacuum automation is not compatible with Interim Tier 4 (IT4) 6R Series Tractors.
Vacuum automation works with MaxEmerge™ 5e and ExactEmerge™ planting technologies. It’s available on Deere models as well as select DB models.
Terraces or waterways are two of many field obstacles that make planting on a curve challenging. When planters utilize drive shafts, they are not able to control each individual row-unit; as a result, planting on a curve presents an issue of maintaining 100 percent population. Since the inside rows are moving slower than the outside rows, the inside rows will be over populating while the outside rows are under populating.
With ExactEmerge™ planters and equipped MaxEmerge™ 5e planters, the curve compensation feature allows each row to receive an individual signal based on the speed at which the row-unit is moving, maintaining the correct population across the width of the planter. Without curve compensation, there could be as much as a 24 percent drop in population accuracy, which is equivalent to 8,600 seeds per acre when planting at 36,000 seeds per acre. Curve compensation measures acceleration within the main planter controller and utilizes speed inputs to ensure each row has the desired population accuracy.
Easy Adjust row cleaner and coulter combo provides a pneumatic row tillage solution that is controlled from the seat of the tractor.
Every decision to make an adjustment during spring planting reduces the acres planted per day and can increase or decrease profitability. An adjustment that can be overlooked is row cleaners due to planter size, difficulty to make the adjustment, and varying conditions across fields and time.
With the Easy Adjust row cleaners on ExactEmerge™ planters, operators now have a pneumatic solution to make on-the-go adjustments that is controlled directly from the seat of the cab. They can be raised from the cab as needed with the push of a button for wet areas, waterways, or end rows. For growers using SeedStar 3 HP, the row cleaners are completely integrated into the John Deere GreenStar 3 2630 Display as well as the Gen 4 4600 CommandCenter display or 4640 Universal Display. For growers using SeedStar 4HP, a 4600 CommandCenter display or 4640 Universal Display is required.
The Easy Adjust row cleaners have the capability to save three presets for varying ground engagement based on field conditions. The system is controlled in three sections: at each wing as well as the center (frame or wheel) track rows. The pneumatic lines use air from the active pneumatic downforce compressor, requiring no additional compressor to be installed on the planter. The Easy Adjust row cleaners utilize down and up force air bags. The adjustable air pressure setting for each bag allows the operator to set the ride of the row cleaner depending on the field conditions and the desired results. Making these on-the-go adjustments from tractor cab increases productivity and performance during planting.
The row cleaner-only option utilizes parallel linkage to provide the floating action growers require in their fields. Parallel linkage allows for the unit to float up and down in the situation of hills or hard objects. The cleaner and coulter combo does not have parallel linkage, however, the row cleaners have floating rings installed to help provide the same benefits.
The row cleaners utilize the field-proven SharkTooth® design. Row cleaners play a major role in maximizing yield toward uniform emergence, reducing row-unit bounce, and maintaining proper depth. The Easy Adjust row cleaners provide growers with quick and stress-free solutions to customizing the planter in variable field conditions. They are available on ExactEmerge and MaxEmerge 5e equipped planters. They are not integrated into the RowCommand™ feature.
SharkTooth is a trademark of Yetter Manufacturing Incorporated.
As planters get larger and more customizable, there is more weight being carried by the center mainframe. This presents the possibility that weight may not be distributed evenly along the width of the planter frame during planting in certain circumstances. Some studies have shown there could be a potential yield loss of 70.5 L (2 bu) per acre in certain soil conditions from unequal weight distribution with more weight being on the center of the planter. The option has been added to have hydraulic cylinders mounted onto the frame of the planter that redistribute weight from the center of the planter to the rest of the tool bar.
The frame weight distribution can be enabled or disabled on the Gen 4 4600 CommandCenter™ Display or 4640 Universal Display with SeedStar™ 4HP on MaxEmerge™ 5e or ExactEmerge™ equipped planters. MaxEmerge 5 equipped planters utilize an on/off switch by the valve block to enable and disable the system.
The system utilizes the tractor’s power beyond feature with load sense. Frame weight distribution is activated by the height switch, providing equal weight distribution at all times. In the scenario where a planter is equipped with frame weight distribution and onboard power generation for electric drives, there will be an orifice that directs hydraulic flow to fulfill the power generation requirement first and then provide oil to frame weight distribution.
Frame weight distribution is manually adjusted from a valve block below the CCS tank. The system does not have active adjustment capabilities. When the planter is raised on headland turns, the system maintains pressure to the outside wings for a period of time to keep the system engaged to make the turn and reduce center frame tire weight on headlands.
Available on the following models: 1775NT 24Row30 and all DB60 Planters (not available on the DB60T).
Pneumatic closing wheels are compatible with MaxEmerge™ 5e and ExactEmerge™ row-units. They are available on the following models from the factory: 1775NT, 1795, and DB60 models. The pneumatic closing wheels give operators the ability to adjust closing wheels in seconds without leaving the cab of the tractor.
Using the GreenStar™ 3 2630 Display, pneumatic closing wheels can be adjusted to 25 different positions. From the factory the system is setup with two sections, the outer wings and center frame. With this system, producers will see up to a 76 percent increase in consistent force applied at the closing wheel. Consistently applying the correct force at the seed trench is one of the key elements of supporting improved emergence. Studies show potential yield impact on corn from even emergence from 5 percent to 9 percent*.
NOTE: Pneumatic closing wheels can be purchased for existing MaxEmerge 5e and ExactEmerge planters as an aftermarket field kit. Both rubber tire and cast-iron closing wheels are compatible.
Access the pneumatic closing wheels attachment for field conversion (AFC) ordering guide to fit a 1725 CCS, 1775NT, 1795, or DB60 Planter.
*Planting Outcome Effects on Corn Yield: Doerge, Tom, Jeschke, Mark and Carter, Paul
SeedStar 4HP is designed to optimize the in-cab monitoring experience exclusively on the Gen 4 4600 CommandCenter™ display or 4640 Universal Display for growers with ExactEmerge™ planters and MaxEmerge™ 5e planters model year 2018 and newer. With SeedStar 4HP, operators will easily see key planter information with customizable run pages, zoom functionality, and simultaneous graph and performance measurements. SeedStar 4HP is included in base on all model year 2018 ExactEmerge and MaxEmerge 5e planters.
- View multiple planters’ at-a-glance bar charts simultaneously
- Three default planter run pages show key planter functions in easy-to-view layouts
- Highly configurable run pages allow SeedStar modules to be customizable
- Zoom feature allows quick row-by-row detailed information
- View dual bar graphs to see multiple planter details at one time
- SeedStar application to make adjustments to planter functions
- Simplified setup through the work set-up page
- Custom rates allow up to six different rates across 48 rows
- The SeedStar 4HP monitoring system requires the Gen 4 4600 CommandCenter or 4640 Universal Display. These displays allow the operator to benefit from the updated interface, enhanced processing speeds, and easy setup (learn more here).
Default planter run pages
Three default run pages show key planter functions in different views to give fast and easy access to important planter information.
Custom run pages
There are customizable run pages that allow the operator to build pages that fit their operation with different modules, like the example shown above.
The zoom feature allows the operator to touch a section or row of the planter and get detailed information quickly.
Dual bar graphs
Dual bar graphs allow operators to view multiple planter details at one time.
SeedStar application page
In the SeedStar application, many adjustments can be made, including manually activating section control. SeedStar 4HP allows up to 48 individual row sections. There are several setup features such as crop, seed disk, number of rows being planted, population alarms, and limits. Seed rates can be modified, electric power generation (EPG) can be turned on or off, vacuum can be adjusted, and the fill and purge functions can be used from the SeedStar application. Frame control, as well as diagnostics and calibrations, can be accessed at the bottom of the screen.
Settings Manager in SeedStar 4HP
Reduce set-up time between changing crops or field conditions by recalling saved settings used previously with Settings Manager, included with every SeedStar 4HP system. This feature allows saving and recalling planter and tractor settings for optimum performance in different conditions.
Settings Manager can be used to save all of the adjustment and inputs associated to a particular crop or condition. An example would be to store all population rates, downforce pressure, row cleaner adjustments, and closing wheel settings for planting corn and storing a separate, unique set of adjustments for soybeans. In addition, Settings Manager stores tractor settings such as selective control valve (SCV) flow and detents, infinitely variable transmission (IVT™) settings, eco modes, and more.
Custom rates in SeedStar 4HP
Custom rates allow for individual row population control and row-by-row documentation where up to six different rates can be assigned across an up to 48-row planter. This allows growers interested in planting seed corn with ExactEmerge or MaxEmerge 5e the capability to assign specific populations to male and female rows for planting. This feature can also be used to create tram lines or other applications where custom rates by row are needed.
NOTE: Individual rates are tied to varieties, so each induvial rate needs a unique variety name.
|SeedStar 4HP compatibility|
All models ordered with ExactEmerge or MaxEmerge 5e row-units
NOTE: Reto fit kits and custom built planters are equipped with SeedStar 3HP only
|Displays||Gen 4 4600 CommandCenter equipped with Version 2 Processor or 4640 Universal; Dual display mode is not compatible|
|Active Implement Guidance (AIG)||Compatible with SeedStar 4HP on Gen 4 displays with VT mode and required activations and subscriptions|
|AutoTrac™ Implement Guidance||Not compatible|
|AutoTrac Turn Automation||Not compatible with SeedStar 4HP when using Easy Fold|
For additional information on feature functionality on the Gen 4 Display, visit the links below:
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The first day of planting season can be as productive as the last with mobile row-unit runoff. The mobile row-unit runoff activation on the planter main controller (PMC) allows operators to make adjustments to maximize row-unit performance from a mobile device at the rear of the planter for both preseason and in-season use - all enabled through the PlanterPlus™ app.
Mobile row-unit runoff allows growers to perform test-stand functions from a mobile device connected to the planter.
The row runoff test provides complete diagnostic checks both preseason and in season. With the row-unit runoff test, the operator can make adjustments from the mobile device, including vacuum pressure, to determine the optimum meter and vacuum settings. This app functionality will help avoid making trips to the cab while validating meter performance.
During preseason planter inspections and set up, utilize the meter performance test to validate meter accuracy, similar to a test stand without leaving the farm. Test all systems on the planter, not just the meter, providing confidence that all planter systems are ready to plant. Reports are generated from the test providing information the operator can save and send for future reference.
Before heading to the field, the operator will benefit from knowing the best row-unit and vacuum settings for each variety selected to plant that spring.
Watch this video to see mobile row-unit runoff in action.
Mobile row-unit runoff will work with any model year 2017 or newer ExactEmerge™ or MaxEmerge™ 5e equipped planter. Mobile row-unit runoff can be added to model year 2017 electric drive machines with attachment AA93169.
For model year 2018 and newer ExactEmerge planters, mobile row-unit runoff is included in base equipment. For model year 2018 and newer MaxEmerge 5e planters not equipped from the factory, mobile row-unit runoff and Easy Fold can be added with attachment AA97849 (only available with 1775NT and 1795 Planters with a 2-point hitch and DB Planters).
NOTE: Mobile runoff utilizes PlanterPlus app available on select iPad® tablets, iPhone® smartphones, and Android™ devices.
Mobile row-unit runoff and Easy Fold aftermarket for field conversion kits
The below software bundles include the functionality explained above for machines not ordered with the feature from the factory. Compatible machines include all the necessary sensors and harnesses needed to make the feature function. The attachment part is software only. Follow the guide below for ordering and installation.
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